Research activities

Development strategy of the University

One of the priorities is to conduct research on grant funding programs, program-specific funding, foreign funds and funds of the European Union.

Indicators of this priority will be:

  • Number of scientific projects initialized for implementation, including the number of scientific projects being implemented
  • Number of publications in journals with a high impact factor
  • Publications in Scopus, Web of Science for the year
  • Citation of works published in the last 5 years, including the reporting year, for the same period according to Web of Science, Scopus
  • The total amount of financing of science (research and development) for the reporting year
  • Obtain a patent
  • Obtaining copyright certificates
  • The number of signed agreements, memoranda with international scientific organizations and organizations of the CIS and Kazakhstan countries, etc.

For implementation of this priority it is planned to conduct the following activities:

  • The collection of figures for publications
  • Posting and informing about existing international and national competitions for science funding
  • Conducting seminars on Elsevier, Web of Science
  • Establishment of scientific relations, exchange of experience, visiting foreign research institutes and universities
  • Participation in projects of the world Bank, Asian development Bank, UN, "Stimulating productive innovations" of the Science Foundation of the MES of Kazakhstan
  • Signing of cooperation agreements with scientific organizations, universities in Kazakhstan, China and Europe
  • Conducting joint research with Alliance universities and foreign universities and research centers.


Publication activity is the most important criterion for evaluating the effectiveness of University scientists and reflects the level of development of the University’s science. The University is working to increase the publication activity of teachers in international rating journals with an impact factor based on the databases of Thomson Reuters, Scopus, if RSCI, etc.During the reporting period, the faculty of the University published 12 articles (table 1)

Number of articles in the database

Scopus/Web of Science









Publication of articles in rating journals of Kazakhstan, as well as near and far abroad, is one of the main indicators for evaluating scientific works of the University. First of all, this applies to articles in journals included in the International information databases Web of Science, Scopus, if RSCI, etc.

Scientific indicators

The University actively participates in competitions for scientific and scientific and technical activities, as a result of which projects of grant financing of the Science Committee of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan are implemented with a total amount of over 500 million tenge for 2021-2023..


1) Topic name: AP08857218 IT assessment of scientific activities of universities, research institutes and their departments

Scientific adviser: Biloshchytskyi A.A.

Name of the project: MSHE of RK, 2020-2022 years (27 months)

Result, amount: 60.141


In order to modernize the scientific, technical and innovative development of the Republic of Kazakhstan, effective tools for assessing the results of research activities of scientists, universities and research institutes should be created. This makes it possible to check the compliance of the research process with the goals that were indicated at the stage of their planning and, if necessary, adjust the course of these studies. Also, the estimates obtained are an effective tool for planning funding for these studies.

For the formation of teams for joint research, a typical approach is to select partners from among scientists with the appropriate qualifications and experience in implementing similar projects. Establish effective collaboration within scientific communities and scientifically based team building that are able to successfully implement projects that are especially important for project-oriented organizations, research institutes and universities.


2) Topic name: AP09259802 Noncommutative symmetric spaces and related problems

Scientific adviser: Raikhan M.

Name of the project: MSHE of RK, 36 months 2021-2023

Result, amount: 60.141


As a result of research on the project, a connection will be obtained between the generalized singular values of the matrix of measurable operators and the generalized singular numbers of its elements and its applications, Young-type inequalities will be proved for the generalized singular number of measurable operators associated with the semifinite von Neumann algebra. We will obtain properties of commutative and non-commutative weak Orlicz spaces, non-commutative versions of weak Orlicz spaces associated with states and weights. An atomic decomposition for non-commutative martingale symmetric spaces and its applications will be obtained. The expected results of the project will significantly advance the qualitative theory of non-commutative Orlicz space and the theory of martingales.


3) Topic name: AP09261258 Hybrid modeling of the energy system for development of renewable energy roadmap for Kazakhstan with high spatial, temporal and technical disaggregation

Scientific adviser: Zhakiyev N.

Name of the project: MSHE of RK, 36 months 2021-2023

Result, amount: 46.36


As a result of the project, an integrated energy system modeling tool will be created to develop a roadmap for the development of renewable energy in Kazakhstan using advanced world modeling solutions with high spatial, technical and temporal disaggregation to account for the variability of renewable energy sources.


4) Topic name: АР09563335 Application of modeling methods and machine learning for optimal planning of the load of the generating equipment of Pavlodar CHP

Scientific adviser: Zhakiyev N.

Name of the project: MSHE of RK, 12 months 2021

Result, amount: 8


Investigation of the potential for increasing the energy efficiency of CHP plants, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and the use of machine learning methods for optimal planning of the composition of the generating equipment of the CHP plant in Pavlodar, Kazakhstan.  This study is important for the applied testing of big data processing methods using machine learning methods coming from an industrial facility that generates electricity, heat, and industrial steam. Pavlodar CHPP is special in that it has two different consumers in the person of the aluminum plant and the population. The complexity in the variability of the consumption profile requires the use of modern methods of predictive planning of the composition of generating equipment for a day or a week. The long service life of the units, the hours worked requires constant adjustment of the repair plan for the year ahead. It is necessary to take into account the dynamic demand curve for heat and electricity using forecasting methods depending on the weather, the variability of heat and electricity consumption, which changes by probabilistic laws based on historical data of the consumption profile.


5) Topic name: BR10965311 Development of intelligent information and telecommunication systems for urban infrastructure: transport, ecology, energy and data analytics in the Smart City concept

Scientific adviser: Lebedev D.V.

Name of the project: MSHE of RK, 36 months 2021-2023

Result, amount: 390


The main idea of the project is to develop a complex of intelligent information and communication systems for the development of urban infrastructure, which involves improving the quality of life of citizens by improving the transport infrastructure, developing the environmental situation, efficient use of energy resources and introducing the principles of predictive data analytics for making management decisions in the Smart concept. City.


Project №6: AP13067629 Development of perovskite solar cells based on copper thiocyanate/copper oxide nanocomposite films

Scientific adviser: Ilyasov B.R.

Competition name: MSHE of RK, 2022-2024 (34 months)

Financing amount: 72.313 million tenge

Project summary:The proposed project will develop highly efficient and stable perovskite solar cells based on CuSCN/Cu2O nanocomposite films. For this, methods will be developed for the synthesis of CuSCN, Cu2O and CuSCN/Cu2O films with controlled morphology and electrical properties, and methods for the synthesis of the perovskite layer will be optimized. The mechanisms of generation and transport of charge carriers in PSCs, and the reasons for the degradation of functional materials in PSCs will be studied.


Project №7: AP13067967 Development of a technology for building microprocessor-based resource-saving relay protection devices based on an open architecture

Scientific adviser: Neftisov A.V.

Competition name: MSHE of RK, 2022-2024 (34 months)

Financing amount: 75 million tenge

Project summary:

Relay protection systems consist of devices that receive information from instrument transformers, which are metal-intensive and consist of high quality copper and steel. Transformers have high errors in transient conditions at high short-circuit currents. Hazardous voltages are generated when the secondary circuit is interrupted. With the advent of distributed energy, classical relay protection systems are not enough.

Building a relay protection system on an open architecture microprocessor platform using other converters instead of transformers and the Internet of things will improve the reliability of power supply by duplicating traditional relay protection and transformers, as well as eliminate existing shortcomings.


Project №8: AP13268877 Development of manufacturing technology for radiation-resistant electronic components of artificial Earth satellites

Scientific adviser: Almassov N.Zh.

Competition name: MSHE of RK, Zhas galym 2022-2024

Financing amount: 15,897 million tenge

Annotation: Radiation in the form of energetic electrons, protons and photons poses a great threat to systems that operate in or travel through space. The effects of radiation on electronics and printed circuit boards can range from temporary failure to permanent degradation or complete shutdown. Research into ways to combat this threat has been, and continues to be, the focus of aerospace companies, NASA, and the military. To date, the best protection is the use of radiation-resistant electronics for space conditions. This project is aimed at developing the scientific foundations for the technology of manufacturing radiation-resistant memory devices. Successful development of this technology will result in electronic components with improved electrical properties.


Project №9: AP13268744 Development of intercultural citizenship in the context of internationalization of higher foreign language education of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Scientific adviser: Gerfanova E.F.

Competition name: Zhas galym 2022-2024, MES RK

Total amount: 17 636 050 tenge

Annotation: Intercultural aspects of language teaching/learning are becoming increasingly important as higher education in general, and foreign language (FL) education in particular, are being transformed and modernized under the influence of internationalization processes. The concept of intercultural citizenship in education is associated with the training of professional personnel who can successfully function in intercultural situations in various communities, both on the local and global levels. However, most of the discussions on the problem of developing intercultural citizenship in the context of foreign language education are currently being conducted at the theoretical level. There is no empirical evidence to support the extent to which the study of a foreign language can lead to the formation and further development of global citizenship and intercultural understanding. The aim of the project is to develop and describe effective methods for the formation of students’ intercultural citizenship in the context of the foreign language educational process of higher education of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the fostering of their intercultural understanding through the study of a foreign language and FL culture.


Project №10: AP13268872 Digital transformation for creating circular economy in tourism

Scientific adviser: Samalgul Nassanbekova

Competition name: MSHE RK, Grant funding for young scientists under the Zhas Galym project for 2022-2024 (32 months)

Financing amount: 17,848 million tenge

Abstract: As a result of the study, a framework will be developed that defines the requirements for digital solutions necessary for the transition to a circular sustainable tourism development strategy, which will serve as the basis for creating a roadmap for implementation, replenish the knowledge base in this area, determine the necessary institutional transformations for digitalization when creating circularity in tourism.


Project №11: AP14972763 Cornea anisotropy imaging using hybrid Brillouin-Raman micro-spectroscopy

Scientific adviser: Kharmyssov C.

Name of the project: MSHE of RK, 2022-2024 years (28 months)

Result, amount: 19


The mechanical and chemical properties of the cornea are linked to ocular diseases and therapeutic procedures. Brillouin microscopy is a novel and emerging non-contact spectroscopic sensing technology that enables the measurement of viscoelastic properties of a material. Raman micro-spectroscopy on the other hand is a powerful non-invasive optical tool for bio-photonic research and sensing applications targeting the chemical properties of tissues. In this project, we will present a hybrid spectroscopic technique for cornea mechano-chemical imaging and microstructure analysis that combines Brillouin and Raman spectroscopies with confocal microscopy into a single bio-imaging modality. This hybrid integrated approach to bio-sensing enables probing mechanical and chemical properties of the cornea simultaneously in a non-contact and non-invasive fashion with micrometer spatial resolution using a single laser probing source. Additionally, corneal anisotropy will be tested at different collagen orientations of the cornea. An automated data analysis technique will be developed for spatial integrated mapping of Brillouin and Raman spectral peaks (position, linewidth, and intensity). Merged spectral images will be further analyzed using machine learning algorithms for extraction of correlated mechano-chemical information of diseased and healthy cornea with micron-scale spatial resolution.


Project №12: AP14973006 Investigation of methods of maintaining confidentiality in the process of interaction of the Internet of Things

Scientific adviser: Adamova A.D.

Name of the project: MSHE of RK, Zhas Galym 2022-2024 years (28 months)

Financing amount: 19.000


The idea of the project is to investigate privacy preserving methods in wireless sensor networks. Today, wireless sensor networks are one of the fundamental technologies of Internet of Things interaction. When Internet of Things devices communicate with each other, there are well-known resource constraints, such as energy, memory, bandwidth, etc. These constraints affect the real-time interaction of Internet of Things and bring with them the problem of security of personal data of network users. The project aims to address privacy issues by exploring methods in the Internet of Things interaction process.


Project №14: AP15473157 Development of an intelligent photo and video analytics system for solving the tasks of recognizing the actions of a person or a group of people

Scientific adviser: Islamgozhayev T.U.

Name of the project: MSHE of RK, 2022-2024 years (28 months)

Financing amount: 18.745 mln tg


Currently, automated surveillance systems are used everywhere to solve a wide range of problems. Analysis scenarios include the use of motion detection, crowd behavior, individual behavior, interaction between people and their environment. These automated systems perform many tasks, including detection, interpretation, understanding, recording, and generation of alarms based on analysis. One of the important tasks in recognizing human actions is the correct interpretation of actions based on images taken from different angles. This work is aimed at researching and developing a system for recognizing the actions of a person or a group of people from images taken from CCTV cameras, which makes it possible to obtain images of one or more people from different angles.

International projects

1. Creative Spark British Council: Higher Education Entrepreneurship Development Program

Supervisor: Kambarova Zh.D.

Source of financing: British Council

Target: Developing partnerships between universities, teaching entrepreneurial skills to students and teaching staff, developing entrepreneurship curricula for students that will include topics such as pitching ideas, creating a business, protecting intellectual property and obtaining loans.

Partners: The University of Northampton, Almaty Management University

Years of implementation: 2021-2022

Funding volume: £4,073 (2,370,486 tenge)


2. Grant “Frontiers Champions”

Supervisor: Zhakiev N.K.

Source of financing: Royal Academy of Engineering / Royal Academy of Engineering(Great Britain)

Target: Knowledge exchange towards a sustainable smart city: energy efficiency and air quality of the city of Nur-Sultan, development of the scientific potential of scientists and the university in the field of sustainable smart cities

Partners: Royal Academy of Engineering / Royal Academy of Engineering, University of Edinburgh (UK)

Years of implementation: 2021-2022

Funding volume: £10,000 (5,800,000 tenge)


3. PEER grant “Political economy of Soviet education in Kazakhstan: a critical review”

Supervisor: Diana Toimbek

Source of financing: UKRI GCRF Network plus, grant number AH/T008075/1, UK (under PEER Network Project Central Asia hub)

Target: Studying the influence of political economy on the educational trend in the Central Asian region

Partners: Nazarbayev University, Ulster University, Sussex University, Cape Town University

Years of implementation: 2022-2023

Funding volume: 5 700 000 KZT


4. PEER grant “The politics of languages ​​in education: issues of access to education and labor market participation of minority ethnic groups in Kazakhstan. The case of Uzbeks”

Supervisor: Tolesh Fariza

Source of financing: UKRI GCRF Network plus, grant number AH/T008075/1

Target: The research is aimed at studying the impact of various language policies and reforms on the educational and economic status of minority groups in Kazakhstan after 30 years of independence. The study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the role of education through language policy in mitigating or exacerbating socio-cultural, political and economic inequalities in the country.

Partners: Nazarbayev University, Sussex University, University of Ulster, University of Cape Town

Years of implementation: 2022-2023

Funding volume: 5 000 000 tenge


5. Erasmus JMO “Digital Culture in Higher Education: European Perspective Activity”

Supervisor: Tleshova Zh.K.

Source of financing: Digital Culture in Higher Education: European Perspective (DigCee)

Target: The study is aimed at studying the experience of digital culture in higher educational institutions of European countries, further application of theoretical developments and practical recommendations for the development of digital culture in higher education based on the experience of European Union policy.

Partners: No

Years of implementation: 2022-2025

Funding volume: 8 000 000 tenge

Ongoing projects at AITU (internal grant)

Project #1: “Building a Patient-Specific Eye Model for Glaucoma Research”

Supervisor: Kharmysov C.

Source of financing: Intra-university grant 1 million tenge


  • Development of automatic image segmentation in optical coherence tomography
  • 3D reconstruction of segmented images
  • Creating a 3D eye model

Partners: Astana IT University

Years of implementation: 2021

Funding volume: 1 000 000 tenge


  • An algorithm for automatic segmentation of OCT images has been developed.
  • 120 OCT images of the human eye are automatically calculated.
  • An automated algorithm for three-dimensional reconstruction of the morphological features of the ONH has been developed to quickly determine the depth (HGB) and volume (OHHS) of the structure of the optic nerve head.
  • A three-dimensional model for the eyeball was built.
  • Article published: Chingis Kharmyssov, Alshyn Abduvalov, Konstantinos Kostas, Yerkin G Abdildin, Zaure Dzhumatayeva. “Development of the Patient-Specific Ocular Models using Optical Coherence Tomography Images: Glaucoma Model”. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Smart Information Systems and Technologies (SIST).

Project #2: “Using the Nvidia Omniverse Platform to Create a Virtual University”

Supervisor: Alimzhanov E.S.

Source of financing: according to the intra-university competition of scientific grants

Target: Development of a virtual twin of the university using gaming technologies and the NVIDIA Omniverse platform

Partners: NVIDIA

Years of implementation: 2021

Funding volume: 1 million tenge


  • Purchased the necessary hardware and installed the appropriate software.
  • A virtual space has been created for collaboration between the teacher and students. Conducted trial classes in a virtual environment.​
  • Three-dimensional models for virtual space have been developed.
  • Created a three-dimensional project with the visualization of objects, based on the real premises of the university.
  • A virtual twin of the university has been created for demonstration purposes.
  • A report was made and an article was published at the IEEE TALE 2021 conference: Alimzhanov, Y., Absadyk, A., Turar, O. “Leveraging Real-Time Simulation and Collaboration Platform for Project-Based Learning: Case Study of Astana IT University,” TALE 2021 – IEEE International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Education, Proceedings, 2021, pp. 1130–1134.​ (indexed in Scopus)

Project #3: “Development of a system for monitoring and analyzing air pollution in the city of Nur-Sultan using the Data-driven approach”

Supervisor: Sarsenova Zh.

Source of financing: Intra-university grant

Target: Creation of a system for monitoring and analyzing air pollution based on existing open data for the urbanization of the city using the Data-driven approach

Partners: Astana IT University

Years of implementation: 2021

Funding volume: 1 000 000 tenge


  • Daily data on air pollution in the concentrations of CO, NO2, O3, SO2, PM 2.5 and PM 10 for Nur-Sultan were received from Kazhydromet RSE LLP
  • Daily data on air pollution have been received, which are available to from the Sergek hardware-software complex for the period from 02/01/2020 to 05/01/2021.
  • Changes in the level of air pollution in the city of Nur-Sultan determined
  • Participation in the I International Forum of Young Scientists, “Intellectual potential of independent Kazakhstan 30 years of formation and development” September 8-10, 2021.
  • An analytical system for the analysis and monitoring of air pollution based on the Data-driven approach has been developed.
  • Article published in “Computing Conference 2022” indexed in Scopus

Project #4: “Application of modeling methods and machine learning to analyze the consumption of heat energy by zones of the city of Nur-Sultan”

Supervisor: Kasymkhanov S.M.

Source of financing: Intra-university grant

Target: Correlation analysis of heat consumption by zones of the city of Nur-Sultan, determination of the speed of the heat front and visualization of data on the map

Partners: Astana Energoservice

Years of implementation: 2021

Funding volume: 1 000 000 tenge


  • Creation of a correlation data model of the heating network inside the software.
  • Determination of “blind zones” for coverage by data collection systems, development recommendations on the installation of the necessary additional metering devices for the heating system.
  • Comparison of heat consumption data with weather data for a correct forecast of heat demand.
  • Development of recommendations on the formation of optimal applications for providing heat to the city of Astana by districts based on the calculations.
  • Creation of color visualization of heat consumption zones on the map of Astana.
  • Obtaining a map of heat consumption in Astana.

Project #5: Project Name: AITU Cyber ​​Polygon

Head: Uristembaev E.

Source of financing: Intra-university grant

Target: Implementation of a platform for teaching students the skills of penetration testing and exploitation of information systems vulnerabilities.

Partners: Astana IT University

Years of implementation: 2022

Funding volume: 1 000 000 tenge

Results: Developed a local cyber platform with support for up to 1000 users at a time, intended for both for competitions and for training beginners cyber security specialists.

Project #6: “Smart EXPO Lights”

Supervisor: Tleubayeva Araylym

Source of financing: Intra-university grant


1) Installation of an automated intelligent lighting system as part of the implementation of the Smart City project

2) Students create a module on the AITU campus

Partners: Astana IT University, Fab Lab

Years of implementation: 2022

Funding volume: 1 000 000 tenge


  • Automated intellectual system of street consecration of the territory of EXPO, dramatically reducing your carbon footprint by reducing energy consumption per month while maintaining lighting standards for pedestrians and vehicles, thereby maintaining Ecology of Kazakhstan.
  • Publication of a research article in the scientific journal Astana IT University.

Project #7: “Representation, visualization of the tragic lessons of history associated with political repression and famine in Kazakhstan in the 20-80s of the XX century”

Supervisor: Mamytova S.N.

Source of financing: intra-university grant

Target: within the framework of the interdisciplinary direction “Digital history” (“Digital history”) to develop visual means of representation, visualization of the tragic lessons of history associated with political repression and famine in Kazakhstan in the 20-80s of the XX century.

Partners: Astana IT University

Years of implementation: 2022

Funding volume: 1 000 000 tenge


  • Development of methodological approaches to the use of computer models for the reconstruction of historical processes.
  • Preparation of articles in the journals “Bulletin of KazNPU named after Abay”, “Otan Tarihy”, recommended by KKSON
  • Preparation of an article in the journal “Bybye Gody”, indexed by Scopus.
  • Development of the Concept and presentation of a 3D reconstruction of the famine in the republic based on photographs of the 30s of the XX century on the topic “Kazakhstan 90 years ago: the famine of 1932-1933 and the flight from hunger”.

Project #8: “Using media tools for the development and promotion of digital literacy among the youth of Kazakhstan”

Supervisor: Aidarbekov A.

Source of financing: intra-university grant

Target: increase the level of digital literacy among young people through the use of modern media technologies.

Partners: AITU EdTech, Media Studio, Seifullin University

Years of implementation: 2022

Funding volume: 1 000 000 tenge


  • An article was published and a report was made, a diploma was received for participation in the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Seifullin Readings 18 (2022)” on the topic “Science of the XXI century – the era of transformation”, Astana, Kazakhstan
  • Submitted an article to the International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science (IJMECS) Scopus Q2-3
  • Participated in The 4th International Symposium on Computer Science, Digital Economy and Intelligent Systems (CSDEIS2022), Wuhan, China, following the results, an article will be published and indexed in Scopus in the collection Advances in Intelligent Systems, Computer Science and Digital Economics IV, Springer Cham

Project #9: “Three-dimensional reconstruction of the morphology of the optic nerve head for a specific patient to assess the risk of development and progression of glaucoma”

Supervisor: Zhalgas A.B.

Source of financing: intra-university grant

Target: To assess the risk of developing glaucoma and predict the progression of glaucoma. Attracting students to science.

Partners: Nazarbayev University, the University of Hong Kong

Years of implementation: 2022

Funding volume: 1 000 000 tenge


  • Simulation of dynamic corneal deformation during air jet pumping was introduced using viscoelastic models;
  • A control group was created with people without and with glaucoma;
  • Demographic and ocular characteristics were discussed;
  • An optimization algorithm in MATLAB and Python was developed to determine the biomechanical parameters of the cornea and minimize differences.

Implementation of joint research with local and foreign partners


Astana IT University has signed Memoranda of cooperation with a number of foreign and local companies to implement joint innovation projects, support and develop mechanisms for mutual cooperation and cooperation in the field of industrial and innovative activities and information and analytical support for innovation. Also, the purpose of these memoranda is to develop education in the field of information technology and the development of an innovative ecosystem:

  • CyberLabs
  • Cisco
  • EPAM
  • Qaztech
  • Kolesa
  • Huawei
  • Lenovo
  • Asbis
  • HP
  • EnterpriseDB Corporation
  • Senim
  • Qazaq Cybersport Federation
  • Academy Esports
  • 1C
  • Chocofamily
  • KPMG

Submission of projects for a grant from the European Union

Direction: Key Action 2 (KA2) project
Type: CBHE-Capacity building in Higher education.
Program: Erasmus plus
Preparation time: September 2019-February 2020
Budget: 600 000 – 900 000 (Euro) per project, 70 000 – 100 000 (Euro) per University

Direction: Key Action 1 (KA1)
Type: Students & teachers exchange
Program: Erasmus plus
Preparation time: January 2020-April 2020
Budget: 30 000 – 100 000 (Euro) per project, 20 000 – 50 000 (Euro) per University

Direction: Horizon 2020
Project type: Common scientific research
Program: Erasmus plus
Preparation time: December 2019-September 2020
Budget: 2 000 000 – 5 000 000 (Euro) per project, 200 000 – 1 000 000 (Euro) per University

Getting copyright documents

AITU coordinates the research and innovation activities of the University, their regulatory and methodological support, information support, and implements the University’s policy in the field of intellectual property aimed at the development of scientific, educational and innovative activities. Inventive and patent-licensing activities of the University are based on the legal framework for the protection of intellectual property subjects.
On an ongoing basis, the collection and maintenance of a list of security documents received by the faculty of the University is carried out. At the moment, the list is represented by 2 certificates of state registration of rights to copyright objects (table 3).

table 3 – Number of security documents



Certificates of registration of rights to copyright objects